You're experiencing pain in your knee and you're not sure what to do about it. Knee pain is a very common problem, and can be caused by a variety of factors, such as injury, arthritis, or overuse. Do you or a loved one suffer from knee pain? You're not alone. At Parvathy Hospital, we specialize in providing world-class knee replacement surgery and treatment for patients suffering from knee pain. We have some of the best knee specialists and surgeons in Chennai, and we're here to help you get back to living a pain-free life. Contact us today for a free consultation.

Knee pain affects people of all ages and is a frequent problem. An injury to the knee, such as a burst ligament or torn cartilage, can cause pain. Knee discomfort can also be caused by medical disorders such as arthritis, gout, and infections.

Self-care strategies work well for many types of minor knee pain. Knee braces and physical therapy might also help reduce pain. However, your knee may require surgical surgery in some circumstances.

    Depending on the origin of the condition, the location and degree of knee pain may vary. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee
  • When to see a doctor
Call your doctor if you experience any of the following:
  • If you're unable to bear weight on your knee
  • If you noticed significant swelling in your knees
  • If you can't fully extend or flex your knee, it's time to see a doctor
  • If you have a visible abnormality in your leg or knee
  • In addition to redness, discomfort, and swelling in your knee, you have a temperature
  • Have severe knee pain as a result of an injury

Knee discomfort can be caused by a variety of factors, including traumas, mechanical issues, arthritis, and other conditions.

ACL injury

An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a tear in one of the four ligaments that connect your shinbone to your thighbone. People who play basketball, soccer, or other activities that require abrupt changes in direction are more likely to sustain an ACL damage.


During falls or car accidents, the bones of the knee, including the kneecap (patella), can be fractured. In addition, patients with osteoporosis might sometimes sustain a knee fracture simply by taking an incorrect step.

Torn meniscus

The meniscus is a thick, rubbery cartilage that sits between your shinbone and thigh bone and works as a stress absorber. If you suddenly twist your knee while bearing weight on it, it can tear.

Knee bursitis

Some knee injuries induce inflammation in the bursae, which are tiny fluid sacs that cushion the outside of the knee joint and allow tendons and ligaments to glide over it easily.

Patellar tendinitis

Tendinitis is a condition in which one or more tendons — the thick, fibrous fibres that connect muscles to bones — become irritated and inflamed. An injury to the patellar tendon, which runs from the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone and allows you to kick, run, and leap, can cause inflammation. Patellar tendinitis can affect runners, skiers, cyclists, and others who participate in jumping sports and hobbies.

Some examples of mechanical problems that can cause knee pain include:

Loose body

A fragment of bone or cartilage might break off and float in the joint space due to injury or deterioration of the bone or cartilage. Unless the loose body interferes with knee joint mobility, in which case the effect is similar to a pencil trapped in a door hinge, this may not cause any problems.

Iliotibial band syndrome

This happens when the iliotibial band (a stiff band of tissue that runs from the outside of your hip to the outside of your knee) becomes so tight that it rubs on the outside of your thigh bone. Iliotibial band syndrome is more common in distance runners and bikers.

Dislocated kneecap

This happens when the patella, the triangular bone that covers the front of your knee, slips out of place, usually to the outside. The kneecap may remain dislocated in some situations, and the dislocation will be visible.

Hip or foot pain

If you experience hip or foot pain, you may want to alter your walking style to relieve the pressure on your problematic joint. However, this altered walk can put greater strain on your knee joint, resulting in knee pain.

SMore than 100 different types of arthritis exist. The varieties most likely to affect the knee include the following:


Osteoarthritis, often known as degenerative arthritis, is the most frequent type of arthritis. It's a wear-and-tear condition in which the cartilage in your knee deteriorates as a result of use and age.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis, the most devastating kind of arthritis, is an autoimmune disease that can damage practically any joint in your body, including your knees. Although rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition, its severity varies and it can come and go.


Uric acid crystals form in the joint, causing this type of arthritis. Gout is most usually associated with the big toe, although it can also affect the knee. Pseudogout. Pseudogout is caused by calcium-containing crystals that form in the joint fluid and is frequently mistaken for gout. The most common joint affected by pseudogout is the knee.

Septic arthritis is a type of arthritis that is caused by Swelling, discomfort, and redness that can occur when your knee joint becomes infected. Septic arthritis is characterised by a fever and the absence of trauma prior to the onset of pain. Septic arthritis can swiftly destroy the cartilage in the knees. See your doctor straight away if you experience knee pain and any of the signs of septic arthritis.

Other problems

The phrase "patellofemoral pain syndrome" refers to pain that originates between the kneecap and the underlying thighbone. It's frequent in athletes, young adults, especially those whose kneecaps don't track well in their grooves, and elderly adults, who usually get it as a result of kneecap arthritis.

A number of factors can increase your risk of having knee problems, including:

Excess weight

Even during everyday tasks like walking or going up and down stairs, being overweight or obese puts more strain on your knee joints. It also increases your chances of developing osteoarthritis by hastening the degradation of joint cartilage.

Lack of muscle flexibility or strength

Knee ailments can be exacerbated by a lack of strength and flexibility. Muscle flexibility can help you attain a full range of motion by stabilising and protecting your joints.

Certain sports or occupations

Some sports place more strain on the knees than others. Alpine skiing, with its rigid ski boots and propensity for falls, basketball with its jumps and pivots, and running or jogging with the constant hammering on your knees all raise your risk of knee damage. Work that puts a lot of strain on your knees, such as construction or farming, can put you at danger.

Previous injury

Having a previous knee injury makes it more likely that you’ll injure your knee again.

Knee discomfort isn't always serious. However, if left untreated, some knee injuries and medical disorders, such as osteoarthritis, can lead to increased pain, joint deterioration, and disability. And having a knee injury, even if it's mild, increases your chances of having more in the future.

Parvathy Knee Institute was established in 1992 as a one-of-its-kind centre specialising in knee and joint problems. The motto of the institute has been "patient-centric approach". The surgeons are fully trained and accomplished in all aspects of knee surgery. 

Why the Parvathy Orthopaedic Institute Joint Replacement Team?

The Joint Replacement Program at Parvathy Orthopaedic Institute is one of the nation's leading joint replacement centres, doing over 10,000 procedures each year. The joint replacement surgeons of Parvathy Orthopaedic Institute have extensive experience and training in total joint replacement. Each physician has completed advanced subspecialty training and skill growth in Fellowship programmes in addition to their substantial residency training. Fellowships equip each surgeon with superior knowledge and skill in the subspecialty of their choice.

Parvathy Knee Institute Specialities:
  • Knee Preservation & Reconstruction
  • Day Care Knee Replacement
  • Partial & Total Knee Replacement
  • And Complete Knee Care
Knee Programs
Card image cap

Some quick example text to build on the card title and make up the bulk of the card's content.

Read More
Card image cap

Some quick example text to build on the card title and make up the bulk of the card's content.

Read More
Card image cap

Some quick example text to build on the card title and make up the bulk of the card's content.

Read More
All Physicians

Inspiring Stories!

author thumb
author thumb
author thumb

“My initial fear of pain after surgery disappeared with the physiotherapy I received at Parvathy Hospital. I am now able to climb the stairs, cook for my family and live a life I love after my knee replacement surgery at the hospital.”

“I was confined to the bed for 5 years because of Rheumatoid Arthritis before the surgery. I thought I should not live. Knee replacement has given me a life and one worth living at age of 21.”

“I thought I will never be able to walk or cook for my family. My surgery at Parvathy Hospital gave me my life back again. I have a new life after my knee replacement.”