Foot & Ankle

In a lifetime, the average person walks more than 100,000 miles. A person's feet must be strong and sturdy to walk this distance over the course of a lifetime. It's no surprise that the feet and ankles are among the most frequently injured parts of the human body, given the constant impact of walking and running. Ankle and foot discomfort is a relatively common occurrence.

How does the
Foot & Ankle Work ?

The ankle joint joins the bones of the lower leg to the bones of the foot. The upper and lower ankles are separated into two halves.

Our feet may move upwards, downwards, and to the side thanks to the upper ankle. It consists of three bones:

  • The tibia (shinbone) is the lower leg's major bone.
  • A second, thinner bone on the outside of the lower leg is the fibula (calf bone).
  • The foot bone that links to the shinbone and calf bone is known as the talus (ankle bone).

The lower ankle connects the ankle bone to the tarsus (midfoot and hindfoot) bones as well as the heel bone. It isn't as mobile as the higher ankle. The lower ankle permits the foot to bend inwards and outwards as well as tilt to the side.

1. Foot & Ankle – Healthy Feet

  • Pain free Locomotion
  • Should carry out regular day today activities
  • Pain free sports activities

2. Foot & Ankle specialty

  • Specializes in prevention and diagnosis of common foot problem

3. Problems in foot and ankle and solutions

  • Acutely traumatized foot & ankle conditions
  • Non traumatic Foot & Ankle problems
  • Neglected foot & ankle complex trauma and non-union management
  • Toes deformity corrections
  • Ankle deformity corrections
  • Flat foot corrections
  • Charcot's deformity reconstruction
  • Sports injury management and rehabilitation

1. The most common symptom of plantar fasciitis (heel pain) and ankle sprains is ankle and foot pain. Plantar fasciitis causes intense foot pain that usually develops after the first few steps after sleeping or resting. This is due to the fact that when the foot and heel tissue (fascia) is relaxed, it contracts. Pain comes as this constriction is stretched. The pain goes away after the tissue (fascia) is stretched. As a result, after a few steps, the foot pain usually goes away.

2. Instability (Giving way)

After one or more injuries, the foot and/or ankle may feel unstable or give way, indicating that ligaments have been damaged. Walking on uneven terrain, such as grass or stairs, can exacerbate feelings of insecurity. After a slight sprain, some instability is common, especially in the early stages of healing. People who suffer from recurring (chronic) ankle sprains experience long-term instability. If the instability and foot pain persist, you should consult a doctor.

3. Stiffness

Ankle sprains, arthritis, and plantar fasciitis can all cause stiffness. The stiffness usually arises after the foot and ankle have been rested. The stiffness is usually just transitory and will go away with exercise, correct shoe care, weight loss, and the passage of time. If stiffness persists after easy measures to alleviate it, a physician should be consulted.

4. Swelling

After an injury, such as an ankle sprain, swelling is frequent. Swelling can be severe and linger for a long time in some cases. Mild edoema is common in those who have recurring ankle sprains. Swelling of the ankles can also be caused by issues unrelated to the ankles, such as heart problems or blood clots further up the legs. As a result, your doctor should assess any prolonged swelling.

5. Popping/Snapping

It is common for the ankle or feet to pop without any related ankle or foot discomfort. The snapping and stretching of the tissue lining the joints causes the cracking you hear when moving about quietly in the morning. When making fast motions or descending steps, however, a tendon may snap across one of your ankle bones, indicating a condition known as subluxation or dislocation of the tendons. When tendons jump out of their natural position and then return, this is known as a subluxation. When these tendons dislocate, they may need to be physically put back into position. Ankle discomfort and instability are other possible side effects. Some patients with persistent ankle sprains experience ankle popping. If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor.

6. Numbness

  • Foot pain isn't normal, so don't ignore it. Consult a doctor if the pain persists.
  • Examine your feet on a regular basis. Changes in colour and temperature, nail thickness or discolouration, and skin cracks or cuts should all be noted. Athlete's foot can be identified by peeling or scaling on the soles. Any growth on the foot is seen as abnormal.
  • Regularly wash your feet, especially between the toes. Make sure they're thoroughly dry.
  • Toenails should be trimmed straight across but not too short. Ingrown toenails can occur if nails are clipped in the corners or on the sides. People who have diabetes, poor circulation, or heart problems are more susceptible to infection and should avoid treating their own foot.
  • Make sure your shoes are comfortable. Replace worn-out shoes right away, and try on new shoes later in the day when your feet are at their widest.
  • Choose and wear the appropriate footwear for your activity, such as running shoes for jogging.
  • Alternate your shoes rather than wearing the same pair every day.
  • Walking barefoot is not a good idea. When you go barefoot, your feet are more vulnerable to damage and illness. Remember to apply sunscreen to your feet as well as the rest of your body when you're at the beach or wearing sandals.
  • Use caution when using home treatments. Self-treatment can easily convert a minor injury into a serious foot issue. If you have diabetes, you should see a musculoskeletal podiatrist at least once a year for a complete examination.
Why the Parvathy Orthopaedic Institute Foot & Ankle Team?

You may encounter heel, ankle, or foot discomfort at some point in your life. Fortunately, approximately 95% of all ankle and foot discomfort will go away on its own with time. If not, then Parvathy Orthopaedic Institute can suggest the quickest and most effective ways to alleviate ankle and foot discomfort, as it comprises some of the best orthopedic specialists in the country.

All Physicians

Inspiring Stories!

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“My initial fear of pain after surgery disappeared with the physiotherapy I received at Parvathy Hospital. I am now able to climb the stairs, cook for my family and live a life I love after my knee replacement surgery at the hospital.”

“I was confined to the bed for 5 years because of Rheumatoid Arthritis before the surgery. I thought I should not live. Knee replacement has given me a life and one worth living at age of 21.”

“I thought I will never be able to walk or cook for my family. My surgery at Parvathy Hospital gave me my life back again. I have a new life after my knee replacement.”